#1 – Secure Your Home to Prevent Heat Loss
Block Cold Air Entry Points
Common cold air entry points include:
Gaps around doors and windows Kitchen exhaust fan Dryer vent External wall outlets and switches Fireplace flue damper Chimney Furnace or water heater vents and cold air returns Any other place that allows cold air in or heat to escape
Be careful not to seal up your home so tightly that you have issues with moisture buildup or stale, unhealthy air inside of your home. There is a balance.
You can block cold airflow by rolling up towels or blankets and stuffing under the doors. Some can be easily blocked by using painter’s tape to seal leaks around doors or windows. I would avoid using duct tape because it damages the paint.
Cover Windows to Insulate
Windows are a significant source of heat loss. Insulate the windows the absolute best you are able. Start by closing curtains and blinds.insulate them by taping plastic sheeting over the window, cutting cardboard to place next to the window, or even draping an extra blanket over the top of the curtain rod. You can make bubble wrap stick to the inside of the window by spraying the window with water before putting it up.
#2 – Create Microclimates
Set Up a Tent
The best way that we have discovered to create a microclimate is by setting up a small tent inside the house and toss blankets, tarps over it or insulate with styrofoam
Create a makeshift tent by placing blankets over the top of a table.
Another expedient microclimate can be made by throwing a couple of blankets over the top bunk of a bunk bed. The occupants can sleep and play in the lower bunk. A cozy little cave is created by increasing the body heat generated and trapping it inside of the blankets.
Confine Activity to One Selected Living Area This enables you to use alternative heat sources in a smaller area and conserve fuel.
Select an area that makes the most sense.
Shut all the doors or block off areas by hanging blankets or sheets. Confine alternative heating to this one area. Be sure to monitor carbon monoxide levels with a working carbon monoxide detector. If anyone starts to feel headachy or sick, stop using alternative heating immediately and get fresh air. It is better to be cold than dead.
#3 – Dress Appropriately to Stay Warm
Dressing to stay warm indoors can be just a little bit confusing. It is important to be comfortably warm, but not sweat. Moisture will quickly wick heat away from your body.
The best way to accomplish this is by dressing in layers that can be easily removed or added to accommodate the changing temperatures. Dressing in layers is simple if you remember these basics:
Base layer – The purpose of the base layer is to wick moisture away from your body. Synthetic fabrics tend to work the best for the layer right next to your skin.
Mid-layer – The middle layer is designed to keep you warm by insulating and helping you to retain your body heat. This layer could consist of a wool sweater, a flannel shirt, or perhaps a hoodie.
Outer layer – The outside layer is usually intended to protect you from the elements. However, when you are trying to stay warm indoors you do not need to worry about rain or snow. This layer can help provide a little bit of extra warmth when temperatures drop and can easily be removed when you are comfortable.
#4 – Drink Warm Liquids and Eat Hot Foods
#5 – Get Up and Move Around
Moving around will help you stay warmer. Twenty minutes of mild exercise can keep you warm for an hour. It is important to exercise moderately and not break a sweat. Sweating will wick the heat way from your body and cool you.
#6 – Explore Potential Heat Source Options
visit friends or neighbors
extra body warmth; human or pets
heating bricks, stones, garden pavers, rice bags, water bottles, thick heat retaining clothing and sleeping bags straight out of the dryer before sleep,