[quote] Socialism, Fascism, Communism, WTFeverism- all are based on the premise that the government controls your body.
I would like to see you prove this assertion.
The only political systems that have been based on owning other people's bodies were slavery, serfdom/feudalism, indentured servitude, and (for the wily) peonage. Hell, we've even done away with conscription. But, no, no western government operates on the premise of any of these systems today either overtly or covertly.
But if you want to talk about origins and premises, I'm going to have to disagree with you here. Socialism and Fascism are movements that are philosophically and historically on opposing sides of the political spectrum.
Fascism was predominantly a militaristic, nationalistic, "conservative" (if you elect to use the word), rightist, movement of the middle class, which was taken much more seriously by the Germans than it ever was by the Italians. (In fact, Mussolini constantly contradicted his own "fascist" propaganda and used to mock his lackeys who took the rhetoric too seriously.)
Socialism--which I'll confine myself to socialism as it was hatched in England-- was on the other side: a leftist, working class (but aspirational), peaceful, movement that eventually transcended class when taken up by the upper classes and intellectuals.
Fascism, too, was quicker than a herpes flareup--here and gone in less than twenty years, from nose to tail. Even the if you lean back in time to reach the grandfathers of fascism, barf bags like Karl Lueger, you're not going very far.
Very different was socialism, which has roots far deeper than Marx. You can find the same sentiments, ideas, and propositions in the 1700s--going back to Carlyle or even Hogarth and forward to many of the brightest people of the turn of the century: the Fabians, Morris, the Webbs...the list goes on and on. And it is a philosophy that has endured, even to the present day.
If you want to shift the argument away from abstractions and talk about how socialism expresses itself in the contemporary world, even then it is hard to make blanket statements. Socialism, or let's say governments built on a socialist approach, are very different in Italy and in England--both countries that I have lived in--and in the Scandinavian countries. Some of the difference stem from culture, others from history.
Upthread I recommended Arendt, of course, but I'd also like to put forth one of my fav books on turn-of-the-century politics in Germ/Austria, remembering that German Fascism was a pan-germanic movement:
Fin-De-Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture by Schorske
I'd love to continue the convo, but let's not get messy with our definitions of fasc and soc.